Data were presented by 55 holdings.
AUTOSTAT analytic agency prepared marketing report “Structure and forecast of commercial vehicle parc: light commercial vehicles (LCV), trucks (CV and HCV) and buses (BUS)”.
On 1 January 2011 commercial vehicle parc in our country was 7.34 million cars. About a half (48.2%) of the parc were light commercial vehicles (3.54 million units), a little less number (46.7%) belong to trucks (3.43 million units), and the rest 5.1% belong to buses (0.37 million units).
Age structure of each group has its own particularities. For example LCV parc in our country is the youngest, only less than a half (44.7%) of LCVs are older than 12 years old. This highlight is a bit higher in bus segment (51.4%) and trucks have the oldest parc – 74.5%.
LCV parc has the largest share of foreign brands (34.4%), i.e. every third LCV in Russia was produced abroad. As for other segments, every fifth bus (19.4%) and every eighth truck (12.2%) are foreign.
Domestic brands are leading in the brand structure. The most popular LCV brands are GAZ, UAZ and Toyota. The leaders in the truck segment are GAZ, as well as KAMAZ and ZIL, and PAZ, KAvZ and LiAZ have the largest bus parcs.
REGIONAL STRUCTURE OF FOREIGN LCV PARC IN RUSSIA
Foreign LCV parc in Russia is about 1.22 million vehicles. Regional parc structure is very uneven. Thus, most foreign vehicles are concentrated in Far Eastern Federal District. 371,200 foreign LCV are registered here, that is over 30% of the total LCV parc in the country. The leadership of Far Eastern Federal District is a result of geographic proximity to Japan, which has been the source of the large number of used imported vehicles for long time. They include microbuses and small right-hand drive trucks, which is the base of LCV parc in Far Eastern Federal District.
The second place belongs to Central Federal District, where every fifth foreign vehicle is registered (262,400 cars). At that most of them are registered in Moscow and Moscow area, where the conditions for the business development are more attractive, which is one of the factors for LCV purchase. The third place belongs to Siberia Federal District, where almost every sixth foreign vehicle is registered (205,700 units). Large number of vehicles here are imported from Japan, like in the Far East. North-Western Federal District has 163,600 foreign LCVs. As for the other Districts, they have less than 100,000 foreign vehicles. But the least foreign LCV parc is in Ciscaucasia, whose share is less than 2% (about 20,000 cars).
LCV parc in Russia will grow very rapidly. The LCV market comes up to hundreds of thousands vehicles sold, and only trucks, vans and microbuses of the Soviet period are written off. By 2016 LCV parc will come up to 4.5 million cars, which is 27% growth as compared to 2010.
Structure and forecast of commercial vehicle parc in Russia till 2015
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